Prime Lens vs Zoom Lens For Video | Which Is Better?

The lenses are more significant than the camera, many photographers would tell you. Good glass can make or break photos and the correct glass. When you utilize glass-grade lenses which are 40 years old, they might be brand new ones.

Lenses function by concentrating a series of glass plates within so that the light (and the picture) are somehow reflected into the sensor. The more sensitive the camera sensors grow, the less it takes to do this 100% perfectly. So, let’s get to the Prime Lens vs Zoom Lens.

Prime lenses have always generated crisper photographs, so that pros have always been hesitant enough away from zoom lenses to gain primes for crisp photographs.

This did not alter, but more photographers are ready to look at zoom lenses to ease the technological improvements.

Even third-party businesses such as Tamron and Sigma manufactures lenses that surpass large brands in zoom and equal a fraction of the cost in prime quality.

Nevertheless, the two lenses do not differ much and perform, which might break down the deal when new glass is selected.

Prime Lens vs Zoom Lens For Video

Prime Lens vs Zoom Lens – The Comparison

Table of Contents

Prime Lens vs Zoom Lens - The Comparison

Prime Lens

Prime Lens

Premium lenses feature a fixed focal length such that the viewing angle can only be changed if the photographer does not move. It is possible to modify the focus, but the image frame cannot. By moving closer or further away from it, you can only extend your focus.

A particular focus lens is marked as 28mm or 50mm, or 105mm. There are numerous different focal lengths, and some have additional characteristics such as fisheye or telephoto due to the glass type within.

Sometimes, primary lenses can set an aperture such as f/1.4-1.8, f/1.6-5.3, etc. You may shoot with a primary lens using any opening set, as this does not change the focal length, and the framing is always the same.

The problem is that the number of the f-stop may also rely on the camera’s sensor size and is not necessarily an exact depiction.

For instance, a 50mm top lens is really the 75mm highlight on a full-frame sensor in a crop sensor camera. The camera sensor can perceive this differently, while the focal length and aperture may be the same.

Let us just assume, however, that this number signifies for the sake of clarity.

Premium Lenses Examples

Prime Lenses Canon

Prime Lenses Canon

Canon EF 50 millimeter f/1.8 ~ 125 dollars

EF-S Canon 24 mm f/2.8 STM ~ $150!

Canon EF 50mm f/1.4 USM about $350

~ $1,500 Canon EF 24mm f/1,4L

Lenses Nikon Prime

Lenses Nikon Prime

20mm f/1.8G ~ $800

35mm f/1.8G ~ $200 Nikkor

50mm f/1.8D ~ $130 Nikkor

85mm f/1.8G Nikkor ~ $500

Lenses Sony Prime

Lenses Sony Prime

E-Mount 20 mm f/2.8 ~ $350 Sony SEL-20F28

F/1.8 ~ $450 for Sony SEL34F18

~ $300 Sony SEL50F18

F/1.8-22 ~ $ 600 Sony 85mm F/85F18

Lenses Sigma Prime

Lenses Sigma Prime

DG HSM ~ $800. Sigma 50mm f/1.4 EX

F/1.8 type lens ~ $1,600.

Prime Lens Advantages

Each lens type is used, which is why both have benefits. There are various reasons for prime lenses that consumers might choose over a zoom lens.


Prime lenses are comparatively less expensive than zoom lenses, with the lowest cost for most manufacturers less than $100. You will still have to pay less overall if you buy several premiums to cover the focus range of a primary zoom lens.

It is not worth it if you buy some good-quality primes and cover the exact same range when you buy inexpensive zoom lenses. However, the negative is the drawback of numerous lenses.

Quality of Image

You may buy better first-class glass than zoom lenses simply because the moving parts are not as many. The glass inside must be exceedingly accurate due to the fixed focal length.

Although this accuracy implies that modern zoom lenses match crisp images, the difficulty is that they cost far more. You will never get the same crisp shots that a prime could obtain unless you get the top-line zoom lenses.


Primes usually are significantly smaller and lighter because as many components are not needed. The engine design is significantly more straightforward, and although there is no motor in the top lens, there is just less “substance” in it.

For many reasons, size important, you only need to understand the popularity of spiegel-free systems. The heavier the lens and the camera, the more difficult it is to hold for a long time, and the less you desire.

The main problem is that you still carry substantial weight when adding many prime lenses.

Use Is Easy

With just one focus ring and typically just one aperture, the learning curve is significantly easier for a first lens. Some feel you have to manually alter the focus, but it may also be limiting since you can see how the image would appear more broadly or narrowly.

It can also teach you to frame better (see Thirds’ Rule to learn how to frame your objects effectively). A zoom lens enables you to select the correct framing without moving or setting the focal length differently.



The larger opening also facilitates the capturing of low light scenarios without becoming blurred. Prime lenses might fall below F/2.8, which is difficult to attain even the fastest professional zoom lens. In f/1.4, the amount of light is doubled with a primary lens.

The broad, rapid opening of the most fixed prime lenses. This indicates that the brightness and the depth of field are shallower.

This provides the blurred or bokeh backdrop and solely focuses on the topic, which many intentionally manufacture afterward. For those who acquired kit lenses with narrower apertures and cheaper vision, the 50 mm premium objective is generally the next step.

Prime Lens Disadvantages

Nobody would carry anything else if the prime lenses were flawless. Sometimes a prime lens simply cannot accomplish the work of a zoom.

A primary lens implies you must move or exchange lenses to get the correct framing with a fixed focus. It can also entail spending the time in post-production if you cannot do it on your camera. You also restrict your ability to make split-second shots by increasing time.

A shot, or a quick change of lens, may be missing or damaging your camera. There is also an opportunity that dirt and dust might enter as you change lenses.

Another disadvantage is that numerous lenses must be worn to produce a single zoom lens. This means that you carry a bag and weigh more than you need.

Zoom Lense

Zoom Lense

Zoom lenses have different focal lengths. this lens unlike a primary lens, you may make the topic larger or smaller by twisting the focusing ring and modify the view inside the frame without moving.

You may zoom in or out smaller by rotating the ring in or out to reconstruct the inner glass within the zoom objective. The item may be zoomed out.

The word zoom lens is interchangeable with telephoto lenses. A telephoto lens means a lens that has a focus length greater than normal but does not indicate the lens’s focal length is movable.

It is customary for people to call a long zoom lens a telephoto lens, and although this is true, a telephoto lens is also feasible.

A zoom lens has a maximum and minimum range of two focal lengths, e.g., of 70-300mm. This implies that the lens can have any number of focal lengths. Although it is limited to the maximum focal length, most consumer-grade zoom lenses offer an adjustable aperture.

However, most professional zoom lenses have a maximum aperture of 18-200mm f/3/5 over the whole focal range compared to a 70-200mm f/2.8 professional lens.

Zoom Lens Example Examples

Lenses Canon Zoom

Lenses Canon Zoom

~$800 Canon 17-55mm

Canon 75-300mm about $75.

Canon 24-105mm around $ 800.

Canon 24-70mm about $1,750

~ $2,000 Canon 70-200mm.

Lenses of Nikon Zoom

Lenses of Nikon Zoom

70-300mm Nikon ~ $100

Nikon 200-500mm around $1,400.

18-55mm Nikon ~ 150 dollars

18-300mm Nikon ~ $700.

Lenses Sony Zoom

Lenses Sony Zoom

~ $600 Sony 18-105mm

~ $900 Sony 24-70mm

~ $275 Sony 28-70mm

Sony ~ $200 Sony 55-210 mm

~$300 Sony 55-300mm

Lenses Sigma Zoom

Lenses Sigma Zoom

17-50mm Sigma ~ $350

18-35mm Sigma around $800

18-300mm Sigma ~ $400

~ $1,000 Sigma 150-600mm.

Zoom Lens Advantages

The lenses of the zoom are worthwhile. Despite its voluminousness, weight, and frequent cost, it’s easy not to have to transport or exchange several lenses if you want to alter focal length.


The reality is, a zoom lens is a multitude of prime lenses in one package. The work may be performed with a zoom lens.

This implies that you can take a fraction of a second from a broad panorama to a telegraph image, but changing lenses takes a minute or two and very probably causes you to miss the image.

You just cannot afford to lose this minute for some sort of photography.


Now all significant brands, either in their lenses or in their bodies, feature image stabilization. Through that, the tiny tremor from the focusing elements or camera wobble when you hit the shutter ought not to disturb you.

The stabilization image counts all at slower rates to ensure that the crisp photos are still available. There are a few prime lenses with stabilization technology. However, the technology is migrating towards sensors and bodies instead of lenses.


You need only one zoom lens because the zoom lenses are more portable. You don’t have to wear several lenses, and you don’t have to have a giant suitcase and can even get away with it without it.

Less weight is better on your back, and you will not continuously exchange lenses for your camera as well. This implies that dirt and dust may get less into the camera and less into the sensor (and mirror if you have one).

Zoom Lens Inconveniences

As well as several premiums, a decent zoom lens can perform. The problem is the expense. If you buy high-grade zoom glass, you will not receive the same quality photographs you can get for a prime lens.

The expense of purchasing several primary lenses on your wallet is just exorbitant for the typical photographer.

Subject Matter Prime Versus Zoom Lens

Subject Matter Prime Versus Zoom Lens

It’s generally because you are going up from a kit lens or want to extend what you currently have when you doubt your next purchase of the lens.

Your subject will be the most prominent thing. The prime lens is a far better investment for most portrait shooters, although a broad-based prime may better suit a landscape photographer.


Wide-angle lenses are an essential aspect of the scenery. They are hardly popular, but there are few restricted wide-angle zooms.

They may not fit every circumstance, too; nonetheless, the comprehensive viewpoint makes the subject more critical – a broad landscape that fills the vision instead of a single character.

For “True to life” photographs and focused on the foreground components, a regular primary lens is suitable. On the other hand, a zoom lens allows you to get components in the landscape closer together without really getting closer physically.


Most of their works are done by portrait photographers, who employ primary lenses. Portraits are art, poised, and not rushed, so lenses are changed a lot of time to obtain the proper framework while the image is crisp.

Almost no portraiture cases win a zoom lens. Even for pictures of a wedding, you can see the speed of the first lens gains in split-second shots.


As far as travel is concerned, you frequently take pics once in a lifetime or split seconds that you have no time for changing lenses or do not know the region sufficiently well to get closer for the appropriate framing.

However, a large zoom lens and a DSLR camera are lit, and a tiny prime lens is much less unexpected if you are afraid of theft. Travel relies a lot, like scenery, on your anticipated theme.

An urban experience will probably require fewer prime lenses for a comprehensive perspective, yet a compact zoom lens will increase adaptability than several primes.

For Video, What Is Better?

Most filmmakers favor premium lenses. This is also because they are less expensive, and although most videos can only dream of the $100k film zoom lens, budgets still govern most film sets. Much of this is because the film type and the style you are looking for are being shot.

Today, primes are widely employed on film, although the only choice was earlier. Prime video shooting advantages are the same as silent recording – affordability, portability, clarity, and quick openings.

In the present day, many high-quality zoom lenses are as excellent as primes, and if the majority of film budgets are taken into consideration, a great zoom lens may be worth more and more straightforward to shoot with than multiple primes.

 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1. What Type Of Lenses Are There?

Ans: Furthermore, it offers the shooter a sheltering depth of field at a fast/wide opening. Widespread screening produces a small DOF, which isolates the subject from its environment in terms of sharpness and clarity.

Focal Length            Type of Lens              Primary Uses

14mm – 35mm         Wide angle                  Landscape, architecture

35mm – 85mm         Standard                    Street, travel, portrait

85mm – 135mm      Short telephoto            Portraits, street

135mm+                  Medium telephoto       Sports, wildlife, action

2. Why Fast Prime Lenses Matter?

Ans: Furthermore, it offers the shooter a sheltering depth of field at a fast/wide opening. Widespread screening produces a small DOF, which isolates the subject from its environment in terms of sharpness and clarity.

More quickly, the image quality is nearly always superior to slower lenses at the same stop for vignettes, resolution and contrast, distortion, and color. This is true. A faster lens offers your viewfinder a better appearance or less noise on your live view.

3. Which Lens Is Suitable For Videography?

Ans: The focus lenses of 20mm to 100mm in video production are considerably more prevalent, as lenses of 50mm are more or less close to the field of vision of the human eye.

Also, most companies, including Canon, Nikon, Sony, Sigma, and Tokina, provide extremely comparable zoom lenses of 24-70mm.


Both Zoom and Prime lenses have similar advantages & disadvantages, and most come from your shooting, favorites, and money.

There is no alternative solution to whether prime lenses or zoom lenses are superior, as each one has benefits.

If you have enough money to spend on zooming lenses, you may quickly exceed an inexpensive prime if you have the money to spend on them. I hope now you know about Prime Lens vs Zoom Lens.

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